Three-region batiks produced by Tjoa’s family batik workshop were dyed in three different areas, namely Solo, Pekalongan and Lasem. Since the early 1930s, Tjoa Tjoen Kiat together with his brother, Tjoa Tjoen Tiang actively built Tjoa’s batik enterprise.
Armed with batik-making skill inherited from their mother, Tjoa Tjoen Kiat and Tjoa Tjoen Tiang, at a relatively young age, tried to make a reinterpretation of three-region batik’s style established in the 19th century by batik makers in Lasem, Kudus, Semarang and Demak, initially intended for affluent Peranakan Nyonyas.
Unlike the 1800’s three-region batiks from the North coast of Java, Tjoa’s three-region batiks such as woman’s breast cloth, head wrapper, sarong and long cloth were most likely catered to the needs of the commoners and sold at a much more affordable price. Three-region batiks like this particular Tjoa Tjoen Kiat long cloth, probably made around 1940, were mainly worn by the commoners in West Java during special events such as marriage and birth ceremonies.